Improve Your Exam Perfomances by Thinking Metacognitively

Posted by & filed under Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Consciousness, Higher-Order Cognitive Functions in Aging, Industrial Organizational Psychlology, Industrial Organizational Psychology, Intelligence, Learning, Motivation-Emotion, Student Success, The Self.

Description: Think about the last time you went into an exam feeling like you had the material down tight and were going to do well on the exam. How did you actually do on that exam? If you did not do as well as you thought you were going to do going in what did… Read more »

“Further Research” and the Growth Mindset: Applying Psychological Research

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Consciousness, Human Development, Motivation-Emotion, Research Methods, Social Influence, Social Psychology, Student Success.

Description: I have written about Carol Dweck’s research on the “growth mindset’ before. Dweck’s research indicates that when students encounter difficult material (like say in Math) the attributions they make when their performance is not good on exams etc. makes a difference in their future performance. Performing poorly and deciding this reflects one’s basic lack… Read more »

Psychology Research and The Transition to Post-Secondary Developmental Pathways

Posted by & filed under Adult Development and Aging, Child Development, Cognitive Development: Piagetian and Vygotskian Approaches, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Development of the Self, General Psychology, Health Psychology, Human Development, Student Success.

Description: In discussing one of the courses I developed a couple of years ago (a dual credit course for high school students focused upon the psychology of student transition and adjustment to post-secondary developmental pathways) I often found myself consistently pointing out that Psychology as a discipline is uniquely situated to provide insight and opportunities… Read more »

SES and Academic Success: The Importance of Early Vocabulary

Posted by & filed under Basic Cognitive Functions In Aging: Information Processing Attention Memory, Child Development, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Human Development, Language Development, Language-Thought, Student Success.

Description: Children raised in low socioeconomic status (SES) families do not do as well in school as children from high SES families. Why do you think that might be the case? You should be able to generate a long list of possible hypotheses. Perhaps the schools they go to are not as well supplied or… Read more »

Theory of Mind in Preschoolers: What’s in the Brain?

Posted by & filed under Basic Cognitive Functions In Aging: Information Processing Attention Memory, Child Development, Cognitive Development: Piagetian and Vygotskian Approaches, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Human Development, Learning, Neuroscience, The Self.

Description: We know that preschoolers have trouble with (but are quite cute about) their understanding of other people’s thoughts, especially when other people’s thoughts are different than their own. If you show a 3.5 year old that a box of smarties (they are like M and M’s but are British/Canadian) contains short golf pencils rather… Read more »

Does Bad Hiding = Ego-centrism in Preschoolers?

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Cognitive Development: Piagetian and Vygotskian Approaches, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Consciousness, Human Development, The Self.

Description: Have you ever watched young preschool children play hiding games? When my children were younger and we were out for a walk through the neighbourhood we would occasionally take turns running a little bit ahead, “hiding” behind a tree and then “surprising” the other person as they caught up to the tree. What was… Read more »

The Development/Learning of Prejudice: The Trump Effect (and what to do about it)

Posted by & filed under Aggression, Altruism Prosocial Behaviour, Attitude Formation Change, Child Development, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Early Social and Emotional development, Families and Peers, Gender-Role Development Sex Differences, Human Development, Intergroup Relations, Moral Development, Social Cognition, Social Psychology, Stereotype Prejudice Discrimination.

Description: From our Canadian perspective American presidential elections are often a source of interest, fascination, and sometimes concern. The current election race between Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump has raised a surprisingly large number of psychologically relevant points, issues and concerns. An article I posted earlier this year (http://wileypsychologyupdates.ca/general-psychology/abnormal-psychology/diagnosing-at-a-distance-what-about-donald/) talked about how psychologists are ethically… Read more »

Developmental Science Well Before Its Time: Infant Cognition and Peter Pan

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, General Psychology, Human Development.

Description: The character of Peter Pan, the boy who would not grow up, the sum has been drawn upon within psychology to talk about aspects of certain disordered tendencies on the part of adult males to act in a childish, irresponsible manner. Written just after 1900 the original books about Peter Pan written by JM… Read more »

Is Common Sense a Problem?

Posted by & filed under Assessment: Intellectual-Cognitive Measures, Basic Cognitive Functions In Aging: Information Processing Attention Memory, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Consciousness, Language-Thought.

Description: It is quite common for those talking about the nature of human rationality to point out that a number of the shortcuts or heuristics that we use in analyzing information that the world is presenting us may in fact lead us in the direction of making decisions that are ultimately less rational. This review… Read more »

Effects of Gender Neutral Toy Aisles?

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Cognitive Development: Piagetian and Vygotskian Approaches, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Gender-Role Development Sex Differences, Intervention: Children and Adolescents, Persuasion, Stereotype Prejudice Discrimination.

Description: The next time you’re in a large store go have a look at the toy section. What you’ll probably notice are that the toys are divided essentially into pink girls’ aisles and blue boys’ aisles. Think about why this might be the case and then think about what the impact might be doing away… Read more »