Posted by & filed under General Psychology, Health Psychology, Intergroup Relations, Research Methods, Research Methods in ADA, Research Methods in AP, Research Methods in ChD, Research Methods in CP, Research Methods in SP, Social Cognition, Stress Coping - Health, Stress: Coping Reducing.

Description: Occasionally during one of my lectures something unexpected would happen, nothing serious, but perhaps a construction crew renovating a neighboring classroom would start to use a jackhammer or power drill. In such situations I would typically comment that the event was NOT part of a Psychology experiment of the effects of annoying background noise on student learning because that sort of study, without informed consent, would be unethical! Sometimes, however, events in the world create “natural experiments” usually involving some sort of natural or human-made disaster. No informed consent is involved but we can usually find comparison groups, neighbourhoods, towns or countries for comparison purposes and if not, we can compare those effected to what was know about them before the disaster hit. Well, our current situation is a bit different in that for while it is, of course, experienced locally, the locations are everywhere. We ARE in the midst of perhaps the largest Psychology experiment ever, though we cannot complain about the ethical status of the experiment because it is real. What should we do with this challenge/opportunity? Really, what shall we do? Think about that and then have a look through the article linked below for some research and for the thoughts of a psychologist specializing in the psychological impacts of disasters on these matters.

Source: Lockdown is the world’s largest psychology experiment – and we will pay the price, Elke Van Hoof, World Economic Forum, Global Agenda, Covid-19, Mental Health, Global Health.

Date: April 9, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Ashim Shres from Pixabay

Article Link:

So, what do you think? Do we need to get going on erecting the “second tent” through which we can prepare to provide psychological assistance and support of the HUGE numbers of people that this current “experiment” is already showing us do or will need them? I think we do.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What is the “second tent” the author of the linked article talks about?
  2. What ae some of the barriers facing any efforts to erect a second tent?
  3. The reality, of course, is that we are NOT in the midst of a HUGE Psychology experiment, but we ARE in the midst of a global challenge that effects everyone. What research do we have that we can consider and what research do we need to do as we figure out how to increase the likelihood that most of us will get out of this in one piece –even if that piece seems different than what was thee before Covid-29?

References (Read Further):

Medical and Psychological Emergency Units (CUMP) Link

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet. Link

Raphael, B. (1986). When disaster strikes: How individuals and communities cope with catastrophe. New York: Basic Books. Link

Raphael, B. (2006). Overview of the development of psychological support in emergencies. ADVANCES IN DISASTER MENTAL HEALTH AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SUPPORT, 6. Link

Neria, Y., Galea, S., & Norris, F. H. (2009). Disaster mental health research: Exposure, impact, and response. Mental health and disasters, 1-4. Link


Posted by & filed under Child Development, Cognitive Development: Piagetian and Vygotskian Approaches, Emerging Adulthood, Families and Peers, Human Development, Stress Coping - Health, Student Success.

Description: No doubt you have heard about the stresses being experienced by parents as they isolate at home with their children and try to manage, entertain, and perhaps educate them until schools and other places children can go re-open. Which parents would you predict are experiencing the hardest stress hit, based on the age of their at home all the time children? We do not have direct data on the current situation but if you said “parents of early teens” there is supporting data suggesting that the frequency and intensity of “disagreements” between parents and their offspring peak at around 13 years of age. For many this also speaks developmentally to why junior high schools are described by some who teach there and some who attend there in very negative terms. However, some additional developmental reflection could shift your thinking on this matter. Consider that we have been noting a HUGE rise in levels of anxiety among high school and early college/university students. Such jumps over just one or two generational cohorts cannot, at their roots, be the fault the students, their parents, or even their schools. There has been some very large shifts, globally, in the levels of scarcity and uncertainty in many things and areas that, in the recent past, played large and important roles in how young people (emerging adults) envisions, plotted out, and worked towards their futures. Anxieties spike when the pathways and signposts one has been led to believe will appear and guide you into your future are not there, are obscured by fogs of uncertainty or just seem wrong.  Developmentally, 13-year-olds are just starting to get glimpses of the life tasks that await them and the self-reflection and analytic skills they will need to take those tasks on are just starting to emerge. In that developmental space, one’s parents can look pretty unreasonable and pretty stupid. With all that in mind have a read through the article linked below which suggests that the current situation may be a huge developmental opportunity for early teens.

Source: The War Between Middle Schoolers and Their Parents Ends Now, Judith Warner, The Sunday Review, The New York Times.

Date: May 3, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Anastasia Gepp from Pixabay

Article Link:

OK so saying this Covid-moment might be good for early teens does not necessarily make it so for them and for their closely sequestered families. On the other hand, though, having a break from the academic and social worlds of the junior high school might provide them with the very space they need to start to get their newly emerging development “feel” under them without the usual demands and distractions and anxieties. A consistent piece of Life Design advice for people of any age is particularly relevant and useful for young teens, older teens and emerging adults is quite simple: Find out what you are curious about…. Find out what you are interested in … and explore those things. If you do that you will, along the way, find out about yourself and you will begin to develop a sense of purpose and direction that does not require the sorts of pathways and sign posts to the future you may be anxiously look for in the world around you. So, for developmental novices of any age but particularly for young teens this current socially isolated state may be a wonderful opportunity for self-discovery and future possibilities.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What are some of the stereotypical reasons given for what parents find their young teenaged children so hard to get along with?
  2. What are some of the mor developmentally informed, not so negative, reasons why young teens might be hard to get along with?
  3. What sorts of things could/should parents of young teens do to encourage a more positive isolation experience for their young teens?

References (Read Further):

Renk, K., Liljequist, L., Simpson, J. E., & Phares, V. (2005). Gender and age differences in the topics of parent-adolescent conflict. The Family Journal, 13(2), 139-149. Link

Beevi, A., & Fasna, L. Relations between Parent-Teen Conflict and Emotional Intelligence of Adolescents. IJPEN, 11. Link

Smetana, J. G., Yau, J., Restrepo, A., & Braeges, J. L. (1991). Adolescent-parent conflict in married and divorced families. Developmental Psychology, 27(6), 1000. Link

Smetana, J. G. (1989). Adolescents’ and parents’ reasoning about actual family conflict. Child development, 1052-1067. Link

Arnone, M. P., Small, R. V., Chauncey, S. A., & McKenna, H. P. (2011). Curiosity, interest and engagement in technology-pervasive learning environments: a new research agenda. Educational Technology Research and Development, 59(2), 181-198. Link

Schwartz, S. J., Zamboanga, B. L., Luyckx, K., Meca, A., & Ritchie, R. A. (2013). Identity in emerging adulthood: Reviewing the field and looking forward. Emerging Adulthood, 1(2), 96-113. Link

Posted by & filed under Legal Ethical Issues, Research Methods, Research Methods in ADA, Research Methods in AP, Research Methods in ChD, Research Methods in CP, Research Methods in SP.

Description: You cannot have missed media coverage of the current efforts underway to develop and produce a vaccine that will help people develop immunity to Covid-19. You may not have thought about the research ethics issues and questions that this multi-faceted development dash might involve. If you have had a Psychology course you know about informed consent and perhaps about how potential risks to research participants must be presented as part of the consent process and managed as the research proceeds. Medical research ethics specifically require that trials of potential new vaccines undergo safety trials and effectiveness trials. Think about issues of informed consent and risk presentation and management might arise in the rush to develop effective Covid-19 vaccines and then read through the article linked below for a thorough discussion. The ethics associated with the issue of informed consent are introduced and discussed around the middle of the article.

Source: Profits and Pride at Stake, the Race for a Vaccine Intensifies, David E. Sanger, David D. Kirkpatrick, Carl Zimmer, Katie Thomas, and Sui-Lee Wee, The New York Times.

Date: May 2, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Ri Butov from Pixabay 

Article Link:

So, vaccine research is a much tougher ethical game than plain old psychological research. If a vaccine development protocol is proposed that would involve testing a vaccine by giving it to people and exposing them to Covid-19 (as some protocols do) is “fully informed consent” even possible? As well, while risks can be mitigated somewhat by being thoughtful about who (from which population groups would even be allowed to volunteer most ethical review situations do not involve considerations of the “greater good” as in while the research volunteers will be at some risk of contracting the virus and potentially of dying from it the results of the research could lead to the large scale production and distribution of a vaccine that could reduce or eliminate risk for, potentially, millions of others. Now THERE is an ethical dilemma!

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What are some of the ethical considerations involved in proposing to test a Covid-19 vaccine with human research participants?
  2. What are some of the moral philosophical considerations of proposing to test a Covid-19 vaccine with human research participants (such as weighing out risks to a few and potential benefits to many)?
  3. What are some ethical considerations for the rest of us who are practicing isolation and social distancing but are not involved in vaccine research trials and how do those considerations potential tie into the ethics of vaccine development?

References (Read Further):

Bambery, B., Selgelid, M., Weijer, C., Savulescu, J., & Pollard, A. J. (2016). Ethical criteria for human challenge studies in infectious diseases. Public Health Ethics, 9(1), 92-103. Link

Yan, W. (2015). Challenge accepted: Human challenge trials for dengue. Link

Darton, T. C., Blohmke, C. J., Moorthy, V. S., Altmann, D. M., Hayden, F. G., Clutterbuck, E. A., … & Pollard, A. J. (2015). Design, recruitment, and microbiological considerations in human challenge studies. The Lancet infectious diseases, 15(7), 840-851. Link

Eyal, N., Lipsitch, M., & Smith, P. G. (2020). Human challenge studies to accelerate coronavirus vaccine licensure. The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Link

Selgelid, M. J., & Jamrozik, E. (2018). Ethical challenges posed by human infection challenge studies in endemic settings. Indian journal of medical ethics, 3(4), 263. Link

Eyal, N., & Lipsitch, M. (2020). Ethical Comparators in Coronavirus Vaccine Trials. Link


Posted by & filed under Consciousness, Group Processes, Language Development, Social Cognition, Social Perception, Social Psychology, Social Psychology, Stereotype Prejudice Discrimination, Stress Coping - Health.

Description: Despite the social isolation imposed in order to help manage the consequences of Caovid-19 pandemic we are able to stay in touch and we are able to meet while we work from home (assuming we still have work). Internet connectivity and the free availability of apps such as Zoom are making it possible for us to be all over the place while we are actually staying at home. Wonderful! But why does it feel odd? Why is it tiring? Specifically, why does video chat not feel as natural as real face-to-face chat? Pull together a few psychological hypotheses regarding this question and then read through the article linked below to what a few psychologists have come up with.

Source: The reason Zoom call drain your energy, Manyu Jiang, Remote Control, Covid-19,

Date: April 22, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Armin Schreijäg from PixabayPixabay

Article Link:

So, video chats do not feel natural because they are NOT natural. They feel odd because the many aspects of face-to-face communications that we automatically track for information are harder or impossible to access in virtual chats. Our attention has to be focused constantly on the screen in front of us and we are aware at some level that the screen (through our camera) is staring back at us as intently. Silences as the other signs that we use to regulate things like turn-taking in face-to-face chats are not as available in virtual chats and that adds stress to those encounters. If there are delays in responses due to the technologies we are using we likely will not properly adjust the attributional tendencies we built though face-to-face encounters and as a consequence attribute less friendliness or focus to others unfairly. If we open our awareness to these differences, which comes with a fatigue cost, we CAN adjust our attributional tendencies and we can use virtual chat will less stress but the best advice is to think a bit about whether we need to use virtual chat platforms as much as we do. Sometimes a phone call is just right and sometimes a note is just perfect. Like so many new technologies we need to recalibrate and re-automate our social information processing systems in light of the new ways of things. In the short term that IS tiring but if we engage in some self-care along the way we may find we come out of this with a significantly broadened social skill set.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What are several ways in which virtual chats differ from face-to-face chats?
  2. How might people be helped to notice when they are experiencing negative effects of those differences and what can they do about them?
  3. How might the concepts associated with Emotional Intelligence be applied to virtual social interaction and how might they need to be expanded?

References (Read Further):

Schoenenberg, K., Raake, A., & Koeppe, J. (2014). Why are you so slow?–Misattribution of transmission delay to attributes of the conversation partner at the far-end. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 72(5), 477-487.

Schmitt, M., Redi, J., Bulterman, D., & Cesar, P. S. (2017). Towards individual QoE for multiparty videoconferencing. IEEE Transactions on Multimedia, 20(7), 1781-1795. Link

Olbertz-Siitonen, M. (2015). Transmission delay in technology-mediated interaction at work. PsychNology Journal, 13. Link

Linville, P. W. (1985). Self-complexity and affective extremity: Don’t put all of your eggs in one cognitive basket. Social cognition, 3(1), 94-120. Link

Fessl, A., Rivera-Pelayo, V., Pammer, V., & Braun, S. (2012, September). Mood tracking in virtual meetings. In European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (pp. 377-382). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. Link

De Mio, R. R. (2002). On Defining Virtual Emotion Intelligence. ECIS 2002 Proceedings, 149. Link

Guðjohnsen, S. (2014). Virtual teams and virtual meetings: Investigating the conventional wisdom that face-to-face communication is better (Doctoral dissertation). Link

Ford, R. C., Piccolo, R. F., & Ford, L. R. (2017). Strategies for building effective virtual teams: Trust is key. Business Horizons, 60(1), 25-34. Link


Posted by & filed under Abnormal Psychology, Anxiety OC PTSD, Child Development, Consciousness, Psychological Disorders, Stress, Stress Biopsychosocial Factors Illness, Stress Coping - Health, The Self.

Description: Up to this point in our efforts to socially manage our responses to Covid-19 there has, understandably, been a lot of focus on the health systems responses and, to a lesser but also important degree, on the stresses and anxieties associated with sheltering in place. There are signs that we will soon see a lot of discussion of next steps; looking at the order and timelines by which we will start to emerge from isolation. We will need to think hard about how that process will play out from the general societal perspective and down through to the community, neighbourhood, family and individual levels and, in so doing, some consideration of how we will manage our stress and anxiety over time will be important. Our immediate or knee-jerk ways of conceptualizing stress as the “stuff” that hits us from the world around us and anxiety as the feelings in us that such stress-assaults generate, is useful in the short term for defined and passing stressful events. Covid-19 is not that sort of event and our current levels of social isolation are equally unprecedented in term so our psychological processes for understanding and coping. What can help us do the sort of thinking and planning and self-are we will need to do in order to emerge from isolation successfully? Well, I think a relationally defined version of the concept of resilience is a lot of what we need. Reflect for a few moments of what you think we need as we prepare to move forward out of isolation and then listen to (or read the transcript) of an interview with Ann Masten a recognized leader in developmental thinking and research on resilience as a relational concept.

Source: Speaking of Psychology: The Role of Resilience in the Face of COVID-19 with Ann Masten, PhD, American Psychological Association

Date: April 15, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by jhfl from Pixabay

Article Link:

It is useful to reflect a little bit on the nature of the developmentally defining moment that is our experiences with Covid-19. It is being experienced differently depending upon our location in our lifespan developmental trajectories. It is challenging for everyone but it is potentially more challenging for children who are rapidly developing ways of knowing, feeling, and being that they will use as the foundations of for how they will move forward out into their worlds. A relational understanding of resilience along with the notion of individual resilience bank accounts can help us figure out how to help our children, and ourselves, move forward positively as we emerge from isolation.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. How might we understand reliance relationally?
  2. What role do (or can) parents play in the development of capacity for resilience in their children?
  3. What sorts of tings might we do if we want to monitor or resilience (our resilience bank account) rather than just tabulate our stresses and anxieties?

References (Read Further):

Masten, A. S. (2001). Ordinary magic: Resilience processes in development. American psychologist, 56(3), 227. Link

Masten, A. S., & Gewirtz, A. H. (2006). Resilience in development: The importance of early childhood. Link

Masten, A. S., & Wright, M. O. D. (2010). Resilience over the lifespan: Developmental perspectives on resistance, recovery, and transformation. Link

Masten, A. S. (2014). Global perspectives on resilience in children and youth. Child development, 85(1), 6-20. Link

Posted by & filed under Abnormal Psychology, Anxiety OC PTSD, Consciousness, Depression, General Psychology, Health Psychology, Industrial Organizational Psychlology, Industrial Organizational Psychology, Psychological Disorders, Stress, Stress Coping - Health, Stress: Coping Reducing, Student Success.

Description: How are you doing with social isolation? Perhaps you are too busy juggling work and children and relationships gone virtual or perhaps you are bored to tears with no new Netflix options and no live sports to watch. Have you thought about the similarities between your current situation and solitary confinement (well, with family maybe)? We are social creatures even if we are introverts and these days are typically at least and perhaps as Kim Snow a child and family therapist suggests at worst a First World Disaster. Typically, we do not take much time to stop and think about our current circumstances or about how we are doing but our present circumstances are most certainly NOT typical. It is worth pausing and reflecting a bit if only to better understand why our current circumstances feel so weird (to use a technical term). So give the article linked below a read and use it as a lead-in to thinking a bit about how your current stretch of solitary (or not-so solitary) confinement is going. That could give you some perspective if you are too busy and something to think about if you are bored.

Source: Coronavirus: The psychology of a “First World disaster,” Enzo DiMatteo, Now Toronto.

Date: April 8, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Pexels from Pixabay

Article Link:

So, had you through of your current situation as solitary confinement and if not did the research on its effects noted in the article get you thinking about parts of how you are feeling right now? Some of this sort of reflection is necessary if we are to engage in effective self-care especially when our current experiences are as novel as they are. A challenge but also an opportunity for self-insight.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. How are your current circumstance like or not like solitary confinement?
  2. What are some things in the way of feelings or thoughts that you are thinking differently about after having read the article linked above?
  3. When social isolation restrictions start to lift, we will ‘get back to normal.’ What will that mean for you and are there areas or things you are thinking about that will be or that you will try to do differently.

References (Read Further):

Perrin, P. C., McCabe, O. L., Everly, G. S., & Links, J. M. (2009). Preparing for an influenza pandemic: mental health considerations. Prehospital and disaster medicine, 24(3), 223-230. Link

The World Health Organization (2014) Prisons and Health, Link

Grassian, S. (2006). Psychiatric effects of solitary confinement. Wash. UJL & Pol’y, 22, 325. Link

Smith, P. S. (2006). The effects of solitary confinement on prison inmates: A brief history and review of the literature. Crime and justice, 34(1), 441-528. Link

Haney, C. (2018). The psychological effects of solitary confinement: A systematic critique. Crime and Justice, 47(1), 365-416. Link

Posted by & filed under Abnormal Psychology, Families and Peers, General Psychology, Human Development, Intergroup Relations, Psychological Disorders, Social Psychology, Social Psychology, Stress Coping - Health.

Description: Ask people how they are seeing the world around them these days as they deal with or do not deal so well with the social, isolation imposed due to the coronavirus and most will say something like weird, surreal, strange, or odd. These perspectives arise for the large extent to which usually or typical (assumed) social practices and conventions have been stopped cold. What to do? Well, wouldn’t it be great if there was a manual describing what are going through and going to be going through in the near to immediate future? Ah but that’s part of what is surreal… there is no manual. Well actually there might just be something that come pretty close. Steven Taylor is a clinical Psychologist in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia ad his new book The Psychology of Pandemics was released in December of 2019. Now you will have to order the book if you want to read it but in the meantime the link below will take you to a newspaper article he wrote that was published in the Guardian.

Source: For the generation shaped by coronavirus, life may never fully return to ‘normal,’ Steven Taylor, opinion: Coronavirus Outbreak, The Guardian.

Date: April 7, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Mohammad Fahim from Pixabay

Article Link:

So, who knew that a playbook for the Psychology of Pandemics would be available? Most troubling are the numbers Taylor lays out regarding the rates of PTSD we can expect and the possibility that many people will continue to isolate long after the all clear. The possible impacts on the Psychological profiles and tendencies in the general population of the coronavirus pandemic going forward that Taylor lays out are also sobering. We cannot rush back to normal as some protestors are demanding not just because we need to be health conscious but because ‘normal’ may not be what we remember when we get there.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What are some of the ways that pandemics impact mental health, wellbeing and mental illness?
  2. What are some of the ways that our community experiences will be different p-psychologically speaking after the coronavirus threat recedes?
  3. What are some of the policy and practice areas where we might benefit from thinking a bit about the over-time Psychology of this pandemic (and others)?

References (Read Further):

Taylor, Steven (2019) The Psychology of Pandemics, Cambridge Scholars Publishing. Link

Galatzer-Levy, I. R., Huang, S. H., & Bonanno, G. A. (2018). Trajectories of resilience and dysfunction following potential trauma: A review and statistical evaluation. Clinical Psychology Review, 63, 41-55. Link

Lenferink, L. I., Nickerson, A., de Keijser, J., Smid, G. E., & Boelen, P. A. (2020). Trajectories of grief, depression, and posttraumatic stress in disaster‐bereaved people. Depression and anxiety, 37(1), 35-44. Link

Bartone, P. T., Krueger, G. P., & Bartone, J. V. (2018). Individual differences in adaptability to isolated, confined, and extreme environments. Aerospace medicine and human performance, 89(6), 536-546. Link


Posted by & filed under Consciousness, Neuroscience, Stress Coping - Health.

Description: What sorts of dreams are you having these days? Ask your friends in your next Zoom chat what their dreams have been like lately as we are holed up doing our bit to flatten the Covid-19 curve and you will likely find that many people are dreaming more and are having more vivid and weirder dreams. Think about why that might be. Perhaps in one of your Psychology courses you recall hearing that Freudian dream analysis (“the royal road to the unconscious”) was not supported by empirical research and as such should have been relegated to the same historical wastebasket as Phrenology (Personality assessed by reading the bumps on people’s heads) and Hippocrates’ theory of how bodily humors shape personality. As with a LOT if early Psychology, however, simply dismissing an early theory by deciding, for example, that dreams do not mean anything effectively closes off lines of scientific inquiry that could be quite helpful. Luckily, Psychology thinkers and researchers are not so easily shut down. So, think carefully about why people might be experiencing weirder, more vivid dreams these days (and yes, of course, we should first check to see if that is, in fact, happening – as some researchers are actually doing right now) and then read through the two articles linked below. One looks at the question you are consider from a clinical perspective and the other examines it from a neuro-psychological perspective and together they will give you a LOT to think (and dream) about.

Source: The Pandemic is giving people vivid, unusual dreams. Here’s why. Rebecca Renner, Science, Coronavirus Coverage, National Geographic.


Having more vivid dreams in lockdown? We asked the experts why, Daphne Bugler, Lifestyle, GQ Magazine, UK.

Date: April 15, 2020 and April 9, 2020

Photo Credit:  AD_Images from Pixabay

Article Link:


Even if, or especially if, dreams are the results of random neuronal firing in sleeping, off-line, brains we still wonder what they mean. They happen in our heads and we have a very basic, usually adaptive, drive to make sense out of or find the meaning in things we experience so why not reflect on what our dreams mean? But it may not be a “something to do” random exercise. Some of the research on dreaming brains suggests that normal waking controls over our emotion centers diminishes when we are asleep and what we know for sure is that our emotion centers evolved as major players in how we snap-focus on threats and challenges and as such they are more reactive than creative. So, when wile the higher cognitive control centers snore the more primordial emotions roam a little more freely. That is where the neuro-psychological and clinical approaches to considering dreams meet, in our dreams and in our waking reflections as we try and make sense out of what seemed to be going on in our dreams. Where Freud got it somewhat wrong was in assuming that his clients/patients had no standing or clue in relation to the task of interpreting their dreams. What the neuro-psychosocial work on emotions supports is actually our taking up a Humanist or Rogerian perspective where our therapist could ask, or we could ask ourselves, “what do you think it means?” Perhaps thinking about our dreams is one way we might better understand and figure out how to cope with our current inconveniences, stresses, or demons. What do you think? Or do you want to sleep on it?

Questions for Discussion:

  1. First a simple question, why do we dream?
  2. Why might our dreams during the current pandemic be, or seem, more vivid and weirder?
  3. What things were suggested in the articles linked above that we could try if our dreams are currently beyond weird and towards frightening?

References (Read Further):

Grant, P. C., Depner, R. M., Levy, K., LaFever, S. M., Tenzek, K. E., Wright, S. T., & Kerr, C. W. (2020). Family Caregiver Perspectives on End-of-Life Dreams and Visions during Bereavement: A Mixed Methods Approach. Journal of palliative medicine, 23(1), 48-53. Link

Tempesta, D., Curcio, G., De Gennaro, L., & Ferrara, M. (2013). Long-term impact of earthquakes on sleep quality. PLoS One, 8(2). Link

Vallat, R., Chatard, B., Blagrove, M., & Ruby, P. (2017). Characteristics of the memory sources of dreams: A new version of the content-matching paradigm to take mundane and remote memories into account. PloS one, 12(10). Link

Scarpelli, S., Bartolacci, C., D’Atri, A., Gorgoni, M., & De Gennaro, L. (2019). The functional role of dreaming in emotional processes. Frontiers in psychology, 10. Link

Blagrove, M., Edwards, C., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., … & Ruby, P. (2019). Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(2), 138. Link

Sterpenich, V., Perogamvros, L., Tononi, G., & Schwartz, S. (2019). Fear in dreams and in wakefulness: evidence for day/night affective homeostasis. Human brain mapping. Link

Scarpelli, S., Bartolacci, C., D’Atri, A., Gorgoni, M., & De Gennaro, L. (2019). Mental Sleep Activity and Disturbing Dreams in the Lifespan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19), 3658. Link

Delorme, A., & Brandmeyer, T. (2019). When the meditating mind wanders. Current opinion in psychology, 28, 133-137. Link

Posted by & filed under Anxiety OC PTSD, Psychological Health, Social Psychology, Stress Coping - Health, Stress: Coping Reducing, Student Success.

Description: If you have needed one recently you will have discovered that getting a medical check-up or even just getting an ongoing prescription renewed in these Covid-19 times can be a challenging, virtual, process. That is the case even with large scale health care systems (universal or not) already in place. Now considering that we do not have equivalent large-scale mental health care systems in place the task of getting a mental health check-up involves, at best, a chaotic cruise through a bewildering array of online resources of vastly varying and uncertain provenance. So, what to do? Well, take 30 minutes and listen to the podcast you can find at the link below where a clinical psychologist provides you with a psychological overview of what we are in the middle of and provides suggestions of things to think about and thing to try that can help you cope with your own version of the current pandemic experience. At worst, it will give you some better search terms and at best it may actually help.

Source: Speaking of Psychology: Managing Your Mental Health During COVID-19 with Lynn Bufka, PhD. Speaking of Psychology, American Psychological Association.

Date: April 18, 2020

Photo Credit:  Pete Linforth from Pixabay 

Article Link:

So, did it help? If you are struggling, call your local Distress Center and ask for information or other places you can call or visit virtually that can provide you with information but that can also potentially connect you to psychological or related support services. Most jurisdictions in North America have 211 calling services which is a service that will help you get connected to local services for just about anything you might need. Many jurisdictions have telepsychology services that will connect you by phone or other virtual means with a psychologist that cold provide you with assistance or help you figure out what will help. Just search “Telepsychology” online and check the most local links. Above all, notice that many parts of life are a bit chaotic right now and give yourself permission to be a bit weirded out (a technical Psychological term for sure!) and to be moving a bit more slowly and with less certainty that usual. Find ways to connect with others as that can help you find a bit of the old normal as well as help you work out some of the new normal and to adapt, which, luckily, is something humans are pretty good at. Take Care.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What did you get from the podcast that you think you can use?
  2. What did you come away from the podcast wishing you had heard more about?
  3. What can you do to get more information about the things you found you wanted to know more about?

References (Read Further):

Maheu, M. M., Pulier, M. L., McMenamin, J. P., & Posen, L. (2012). Future of telepsychology, telehealth, and various technologies in psychological research and practice. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 43(6), 613. Link

Canada Crisis Services 1 833 456 4566 24/7/364 or text ‘Start’ to 45645 4pm to midnight ET, Quebec residents call 1.866.277.3553.

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Posted by & filed under Research Methods, Research Methods in ADA, Research Methods in AP, Research Methods in ChD, Research Methods in CP, Research Methods in SP, Stress Coping - Health, Stress: Coping Reducing.

Description: In recent weeks I have been blogging about and linking to articles about the Psychology of Covid-19. I will likely continue to do so as there is a lot of Psychology popping up in our current experience. As a teaching Psychologist and Psychology textbook author I believe strongly that paying attention to what Psychological research can tell us about our current situation is as important as listening to the WHO, Health Canada and the CDC about what we should be doing. So far I have been drawing on previous Psychological research that is relevant to things like anxiety, stress, mental heath in crisis situations and vivid, weird dreaming (yes that too). Soon, in addition, we are going to start to see Psychological research papers focusses upon issues related to Covid-19 based on research now being done. The research topic page linked below is part of a site called Frontiers in Psychology which publishes cutting edge peer-reviewed Psychology research. They have no articles posted as yet but have 11 papers under review and 142 authors who have committed to submit research so it is a site worth book marking and going back to regularly to see what is popping up.

Source: Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Psychological, Behavioral, Interpersonal Effects, and Clinical Implications for Health Systems, Frontiers in Psychology.

Date: April 19, 2020

Photo Credit:  Image by Orna Wachman from Pixabay

Article Link:

One closing thought. There is a LOT of speculation on-line and elsewhere in the media about the impacts Covid-19 is having and will have on us and the world. It should go without saying that we should be looking for and paying attention to information that is research and data based. However, it is sometime harder to remember to do that if the topic we are considering is related to Human Psychology, because, being human, we figure we can figure it out for ourselves. Take toilet paper hording for example. I bet you have a pretty detailed theory about why people have been hoarding toilet paper. But, wait a moment and consider what an economist has to tell us. Sure some people may be hoarding toilet paper the way people shown on that reality TV show about hoarders collect junk but maybe it is a matter of supply and demand. Simply put, the toilet paper industry expected a 40% jump in demand for home toilet paper (which is different that commercial or office toilet paper isn’t it?). And guess what, TP manufacturers were running their home TP plants pretty much at capacity already so demand outstripped supply and lead to stripped shelves. The point? Maybe the data suggests we need to ease back a bit on the “my neighbors are crazy assed hoarders” meme/line. There will no doubt be many more examples so check in with the Frontiers in Psychology page linked above from time to time to at least keep your Psychological feet on the ground as we move through this Covid-19 situation.

Questions for Discussion:

  1. What are a few Psychological observations you have made recently that you may not have had sufficient data for?
  2. Has anything surprised you Psychologically in the past few weeks?
  3. What are you looking forward to find out more about as Psychological research relating to our response to Covid-19 starts to come out?

References (Read Further):