Sentience, Ethics, and Octopuses: Recent Thoughts

Posted by & filed under Consciousness, Intelligence, Language-Thought, Legal Ethical Issues, Motivation-Emotion, Research Methods, Sensation-Perception, Social Psychology.

Description: What does sentient mean? Its dictionary definition typical says something like responsive to and conscious of sense impressions; aware; conscious. We (us humans) are sentient, though there was a time when we believe that infant humans were not (we DO think they ARE sentient now). A huge part of how we manage or are… Read more »

Gender and Wisdom?

Posted by & filed under Adult Development and Aging, Assessment: Intellectual-Cognitive Measures, Cultural Variation, Intelligence, Personality, Social Cognition, Social Psychology.

Description: Think about what you have read, learned or heard about wisdom. It is not a characteristic typically applied to young people, is it? In fact, it is one of the few positive things associated with aging and with advanced age in particular. Why is that? What is it about wisdom that leads us to… Read more »

How Trustworthy are Personality Tests? Or is That the Right Question?

Posted by & filed under Assessment: Intellectual-Cognitive Measures, General Psychology, Industrial Organizational Psychlology, Industrial Organizational Psychology, Intelligence, Personality, Research Methods, Social Influence, Social Psychology, The Self.

Description: Want to find out about yourself? You can take a personality test. But before you do, consider whether you will be able to trust the results. Are the accurate? Stable? Predictive of how you will behave in future? How would you go about answering those questions? Well, you could just throw caution to the… Read more »

How Might You Test for Wisdom?

Posted by & filed under Assessment: Intellectual-Cognitive Measures, Higher-Order Cognitive Functions in Aging, Personality, Successful Aging.

Description: Are you wise (not as in wise guy but as in wise like an owl)? What does wisdom involve? What sorts of things, if you observed them in the behavior of, or otherwise applying to, a particular person would lead you towards thinking that they were a wise person? Now think of this as… Read more »

Forecasting Experts versus Amatuers: Who Wins?

Posted by & filed under Industrial Organizational Psychlology, Industrial Organizational Psychology, Intelligence, Language-Thought, Persuasion.

Description: How well do you think you would do in the following situation? You are asked to predict how likely a number of world events are to occur (from 0 to 100%). Question may include: Will North Korea launch a nuclear missile in the next year? Or Is Greece going to leave the European Union… Read more »

Do People-Pleasing and Sociopathy Anchor an Important Dimension?

Posted by & filed under Assessment: Intellectual-Cognitive Measures, Clinical Neuropsychology, Consciousness, Motivation-Emotion, Neuroscience, Personality, The Self.

Description: You probably already know a bit about how the typical dimensions that make up our big theories of personality were derived. Basically, they are reflections of the dimensions that people have created in their own minds based upon their observations of their own and other social behaviors. Those dimensions make up our Implicit Theories… Read more »

Pattern Separation and Human versus Animal Intelligence

Posted by & filed under Consciousness, Higher-Order Cognitive Functions in Aging, Intelligence, Language-Thought, Learning, Memory, Neuroscience.

Description: What do you know about how memory works? You likely have a basic understanding of how information comes in through or senses (via a very short term sensory store), pauses in working memory (if we work on it) and perhaps eventually gets processed into long term memory. Does that take you bac to a… Read more »

Is it Exercise or Nature That is Good For You? Or is it Both?

Posted by & filed under Child Development, Cognitive Development: The Information-Processing Approach, Health Psychology, Human Development, Intelligence, Language-Thought, Research Methods, Research Methods in ChD, Stress Coping - Health, Stress: Coping Reducing.

Description: Imagine you volunteer for a research study. As part of the study you are shown a pair of pictures (two men or two women) and you are asked to pick the one that is the most attractive. After you make your choice you are handed the picture you chose and asked to explain why… Read more »